|Alternative Abstract||This paper aims to comprehend the development that has come across the construction of the contemporary Arabic sentence used in the language of journalism, and explain it in the light of linguistic studies. In addition, it attempts to trace this development by going back to patterns used in Classical Arabic to determine the extent to which contemporary journalism commits itself to rules of Classical Arabic or being complied with the requirement of conveying the contents of the journalistic message to the reader by concentrating on some of the constructional elements forming the sentence. This leads to inconsistency with the original word order of the Arabic sentence. The paper also aims at linking modern linguistic studies represented by the Transformational Generative Theory to efforts of scholars of Arabic.
Finally, the research aims at reflecting the role of the University of Qatar in serving the Qatari society, and interacting with it through scientific work linked to a pleasant occasion i.e. the return of His Highness the Emir of Qatar, in good health in 1997 by the Grace of Allah.
As for the method used in the research, the linguistic approach is the one used here, "which examines the transformational change that affects simple sentences in Qatari newspaper headlines, describes such changes with the aim to subject such development to judgement, in terms of appraisal that aims at proving or finding faults in it. The method is based on the Transformational Generative Theory, along with making use of methodological views of the forefathers of Arabic scholars.
The research consists of an introduction, a conclusion and two sections. The first part was devoted to the research's theoretical background as to setting its field, showing size of the sample subject to study and explaining terminology used in the study. The second section studied patterns of the elements of the sentence construction in Qatari newspaper headlines and explained the transformational changes which happened to its constructional elements.
The conclusion highlighted the results of the research, most important of which are:
"Al-Sharq" newspaper was the forerunner of the three Qatari newspapers in headline coverage of the occasion of the return of His Highness the Emir in good health. The simple sentence was the most used, in the sample, and that is because the press tends to use short(er) sentences that satisfy the desire of the reader who wants to know the news quickly. The paper concluded that conveying the journalistic message by concentrating on some of the words of the sentence is the base for the arrangements of the words of the sentence in the headlines. The paper also concludes that the majority Of the sampled sentences were being put into an order other than what is followed in classical Arabic.
The paper, in its conclusion, deduces that contemporary journalism, albeit bent on being bound with rules of Classical Arabic in drafting sentences that appear in headlines, aims to the attract the readers' attention so it is pressed into concentrating on certain constructional elements, which create a special character for journalistic language in terms of word order. The paper notes, however, that such word arrangement has its roots in Classical Arabica.