• Epidemiological impact of prioritising SARS-CoV-2 vaccination by antibody status: Mathematical modelling analyses 

      Ayoub, H.H.; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Makhoul, Monia; Al Kanaani, Zaina; ... more authors ( BMJ Publishing Group , 2021 , Article)
      Background Vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 have been developed, but their availability falls far short of global needs. This study aimed to investigate the impact of prioritising available doses on the basis of recipient ...
    • History of primary-series and booster vaccination and protection against Omicron reinfection 

      Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Tang, Patrick; Coyle, Peter V.; Yassine, Hadi M.; ... more authors ( American Association for the Advancement of Science , 2023 , Article)
      Laboratory evidence suggests a possibility of immune imprinting for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. We investigated the differences in the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection in a ...
    • Immune Imprinting and Protection against Repeat Reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 

      Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Tang, Patrick; Hasan, Mohammad R.; Coyle, Peter; ... more authors ( Massachusetts Medical Society , 2022 , Other)
      More than 2 years into the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic, the global population carries heterogeneous immune histories derived from various exposures to infection, viral variants, and vaccination.1 Evidence ...
    • Mathematical modeling of the SARSCoV-2 epidemic in Qatar and its impact on the national response to COVID-19 

      Ayoub, Houssein H.; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Seedat, Shaheen; Makhoul, Monia; Kanaani, Zaina Al; ... more authors ( University of Edinburgh , 2021 , Article)
      Background Mathematical modeling constitutes an important tool for planning robust responses to epidemics. This study was conducted to guide the Qatari national response to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus ...
    • mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness against the B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 variants and severe COVID-19 disease in Qatar 

      Chemaitelly, Hiam; Yassine, Hadi M.; Benslimane, Fatiha M.; Al Khatib, Hebah A.; Tang, Patrick; ... more authors (2021 , Article)
      The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic continues to be a global health concern. The mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccine was reported to have an efficacy of 94.1% at preventing symptomatic COVID-19 due to infection with ‘wild-type’ variants in a ...
    • Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA BNT162b2 Covid-19 vaccine protection against variants of concern after one versus two doses. 

      Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Yassine, Hadi M; Benslimane, Fatiha M; Al Khatib, Hebah A; ... more authors ( Oxford University Press , 2021 , Article)
      Strategies for rolling out vaccination against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) varied across countries. A key question is whether delaying administration of the second vaccine dose to vaccinate the largest number of ...
    • Population immunity of natural infection, primary-series vaccination, and booster vaccination in Qatar during the COVID-19 pandemic: an observational study 

      Suelen H., Qassim; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Coyle, Peter; Tang, Patrick; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2023 , Article)
      BackgroundWaning of natural infection protection and vaccine protection highlight the need to evaluate changes in population immunity over time. Population immunity of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection or of COVID-19 vaccination ...
    • Protection against Reinfection with the Omicron BA.2.75 Subvariant 

      Chemaitelly, Hiam; Tang, Patrick; Coyle, Peter; Yassine, Hadi M.; Al-Khatib, Hebah A.; ... more authors ( Massachusetts Medical Society , 2023 , Other)
      The BA.2.75 sublineage of the B.1.1.529 (omicron) variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may escape neutralizing antibodies. The BA.2.75 sublineage (primarily the BA.2.75.2 subvariant) ...
    • Protection against the omicron variant from previous SARS-CoV-2 infection 

      Altarawneh, Heba N.; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Hasan, Mohammad R.; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Qassim, Suelen; ... more authors ( Massachusetts Medical Society , 2022 , Other)
      Natural infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) elicits strong protection against reinfection with the B.1.1.7 (alpha),1,2 B.1.351 (beta),1 and B.1.617.2 (delta)3 variants. However, the ...
    • Protection from previous natural infection compared with mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 infection and severe COVID-19 in Qatar: a retrospective cohort study 

      Hiam, Chemaitelly; Ayoub, Houssein H; AlMukdad, Sawsan; Coyle, Peter; Tang, Patrick; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2022 , Article)
      BackgroundUnderstanding protection conferred by natural SARS-CoV-2 infection versus COVID-19 vaccination is important for informing vaccine mandate decisions. We compared protection conferred by natural infection versus ...
    • Protection of Omicron sub-lineage infection against reinfection with another Omicron sub-lineage 

      Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Coyle, Peter; Tang, Patrick; Yassine, Hadi M.; ... more authors ( Nature Research , 2022 , Article)
      There is significant genetic distance between SARS-CoV-2 Omicron (B.1.1.529) variant BA.1 and BA.2 sub-lineages. This study investigates immune protection of infection with one sub-lineage against reinfection with the other ...
    • Relative infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine breakthrough infections, reinfections, and primary infections. 

      Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H; Tang, Patrick; Coyle, Peter; ... more authors ( Springer , 2022 , Article)
      SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections in vaccinated individuals and in those who had a prior infection have been observed globally, but the transmission potential of these infections is unknown. The RT-qPCR cycle threshold ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 antibody-positivity protects against reinfection for at least seven months with 95% efficacy 

      Laith J., Abu-Raddad; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Coyle, Peter; Malek, Joel A.; Ahmed, Ayeda A.; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2021 , Article)
      Background Reinfection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been documented, raising public health concerns. SARS-CoV-2 reinfections were assessed in a cohort of antibody-positive persons ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 infection and effects of age, sex, comorbidity, and vaccination among older individuals: A national cohort study 

      Mahmoud, Mai A.; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Coyle, Peter; Tang, Patrick; Hasan, Mohammad R.; ... more authors ( Wiley , 2023 , Article)
      Background: We investigated the contribution of age, coexisting medical conditions, sex, and vaccination to incidence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and of severe, critical, or ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalization, severity, criticality, and fatality rates in Qatar 

      Seedat, Shaheen; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Makhoul, Monia; Mumtaz, Ghina R.; ... more authors ( Nature Research , 2021 , Article)
      The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic resulted in considerable morbidity and mortality as well as severe economic and societal disruptions. Despite scientific progress, true infection severity, factoring both diagnosed and undiagnosed ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 Infection Is at Herd Immunity in the Majority Segment of the Population of Qatar. 

      Al-Thani, Mohamed H; Farag, Elmoubasher; Bertollini, Roberto; Al Romaihi, Hamad Eid; Abdeen, Sami; ... more authors ( Oxford University Press , 2021 , Article)
      Qatar experienced a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic that disproportionately affected the craft and manual worker (CMW) population, who comprise 60% of the total population. This study ...
    • SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the urban population of Qatar: An analysis of antibody testing on a sample of 112,941 individuals 

      Peter V., Coyle; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ben Hadj Kacem, Mohamed Ali; Abdulla Al Molawi, Naema Hassan; El Kahlout, Reham Awni; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2021 , Article)
      The study objective was to the assess level of detectable severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies in the urban population of Qatar. Antibody testing was performed on residual blood specimens ...
    • Severity, Criticality, and Fatality of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Beta Variant 

      Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Ayoub, Houssein H; Yassine, Hadi M; Benslimane, Fatiha M; ... more authors ( Oxford Academic , 2021 , Article)
      Beta (B.1.351) variant COVID-19 disease was investigated in Qatar. Compared to Alpha (B.1.1.7) variant, odds of progressing to severe disease were 1.24-fold (95% CI: 1.11-1.39) higher for Beta. Odds of progressing to ...
    • Short- and longer-term all-cause mortality among SARS-CoV-2- infected individuals and the pull-forward phenomenon in Qatar: a national cohort study 

      Hiam, Chemaitelly; Faust, Jeremy Samuel; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Ayoub, Houssein H.; Tang, Patrick; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2023 , Article)
      ObjectivesWe assessed short-, medium-, and long-term all-cause mortality risks after a primary SARS-CoV-2 infection. MethodsA national, matched, retrospective cohort study was conducted in Qatar to assess risk of all-cause ...
    • Two prolonged viremic SARS-CoV-2 infections with conserved viral genome for two months 

      Laith J., Abu-Raddad; Chemaitelly, Hiam; Malek, Joel A.; Ahmed, Ayeda A.; Mohamoud, Yasmin A.; ... more authors ( Elsevier , 2021 , Article)
      We document two cases of viremic and prolonged active infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) where the viral genome was conserved for two months, but infection was with little or ...