Auction Design and Analysis for SDN-Based Traffic Offloading in Hybrid Satellite-Terrestrial Networks
Recently, hybrid satellite-terrestrial networks (H-STNs) are expected to support extremely high data rates and exponentially increasing demands of data, which require new spectrum sharing and interference control technology paradigms. By achieving an efficient spectrum sharing among H-STN, traffic offloading is a promising solution for boosting the capacity of traditional cellular networks. In this paper, a software-defined network-based spectrum sharing, and traffic offloading mechanism is proposed to realize the cooperation and competition between the ground base stations (BSs) of the cellular network and beam groups of the satellite-terrestrial communication (STCom) system. Assume that all BSs are operated by the same mobile network operator (MNO). Under the cooperation mode, all the BSs stop occupying a corresponding channel, and a selected beam group of the satellite helps offload the traffic from the BSs by exclusively using this channel. To facilitate the offloading negotiation between the MNO and satellite, we design a second-price auction mechanism which presents positive allocative externalities, i.e., other uncooperative beam groups of the satellite can benefit from the cooperation between BSs and the beam group performing offloading. Meanwhile, the unique optimal biding strategies for different beam groups of the satellite to achieve the symmetric Bayesian equilibrium as well as the expected utility of the MNO are derived and obtained in this paper. The performance of the proposed traffic offloading mechanism is validated in the simulations, which also reveal that there exists the unique optimal offloading threshold for the MNO to achieve the maximum expected utility.
- Computer Science & Engineering [634 items ]