Airflow assessment in a naturally ventilated greenhouse equipped with wind towers: numerical simulation and wind tunnel experiments
In this study, the air change rate and airflow distribution inside a greenhouse equipped with wind towers were analyzed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations, considering different wind speeds (1–5 m/s) and incident angles (0–45°). The validation methods included smoke visualization, hot wire velocity point measurements, and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements. The visualized and simulated flow regimes exhibited fair agreement. The average discrepancy between the hot wire velocity point measurements and simulated results was about 7.96%. The predicted vector fields in the inlet and outlet wind towers demonstrated good qualitative agreement with the corresponding PIV measurements. The discrepancy between the predicted and measured maximum air velocity in the inlet tower was 15%, while it was 3% in the outlet wind tower. At an external wind speed of 3 m/s and normal incidence angle, the average velocity of the airflow entering the greenhouse was 0.65 m/s (about one air change per minute), while the average air velocity in the greenhouse was 0.44 m/s. The average air velocity inside the greenhouse at a crop height (1 m) ranged from 0.3 to 1.8 m/s, which is within the optimum range of recommended air velocities for greenhouses.
- Mechanical & Industrial Systems Engineering [338 items ]