IoT-based fire alarm system
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Fire alarm systems are essential in alerting people before tire engulfs their homes. However, tire alarm systems, today, require a lot of wiring and labor to be installed. This discourages users from installing them in their homes. Therefore, we are proposing an IoT based wireless fire alarm system that is easy to install. The proposed system is an ad-hoc network that consists of several nodes distributed over the house. Each of these nodes consists of a microcontroller (ESP8266 nodeMCU) connected to smoke, temperature, humidity, flame, Methane and Carbon Monoxide (CO) sensors that continuously sense the surrounding environment to detect the presence of fire. The nodes create their own Wi-Fi network. These nodes communicate with a centralized node implemented with a Raspberry Pi microcontroller integrated with a 4G module. Once fire is detected by a node, it sends a signal to a centralized node that is triggered to send an SMS to the fire department and the user, call the user and alert the house by producing a local alarm. The user can also get information about the status of his home via sending an SMS to the system. The sensing nodes create a mesh network and they are linked to the central node via a bridge node. Communication between the bridge node and the sensing node is through Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) protocol. A prototype was developed for the proposed system and it carried out the desired functionalities successfully with an average delay of less than 30 seconds. - 2019 IEEE.
- Computer Science & Engineering [571 items ]