Stepwise construction of Pt decorated oxygen-deficient mesoporous titania microspheres with core-shell structure and magnetic separability for efficient visible-light photocatalysis
Elzatahry, Ahmed A.
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Solid photocatalysts with high specific surface area, superior photoactivity and ease of recycling are highly desired in chemical process, water treatment and so on. In this study, a facile stepwise sol-gel coating approach was utilized to synthesize Pt decorated oxygen-deficient mesoporous titania microspheres with core-shell structure and convenient magnetic separability (denoted as Fe3O4@SiO2@Pt/mTiO2-x). These photocatalysts consist of magnetic Fe3O4 cores, nonporous insulating SiO2 middle layer and mesoporous anatase TiO2-x shell decorated by Pt nanoparticles (?3.5 nm) through wet impregnation and H2 reduction. As a result of high activity of oxygen-deficiency of black TiO2-x by H2 reduction and efficient inhibition of electron-hole recombination by Pt nanoparticles, the rationally designed core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2@Pt/mTiO2-x photocatalysts exhibit superior photocatalytic performance in rhodamine B (RhB) degradation under visible light irradiation, with more than 98% of RhB degraded within 50 min. These core-shell structured photocatalysts show excellent recyclability under the assistance of magnetic separation with well-retained photocatalytic performance even after running five cycles. This stepwise synthesis method paves the way for the rational design of a high-efficiency recyclable heterogeneous catalyst, including photocatalysts, for various applications. - 2019
- Materials Science & Technology [111 items ]