Sleeping Habits during COVID-19 Induced Confinement
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The COVID19 pandemic has impacted daily life activity, lifestyle, and well-being. Sleep was shown to be affected by many physical and psychological factors such as quality of life, psychological wellbeing, and levels of physical activity. In the current study, changes in sleep quality during COVID19-induced confinement among adults were investigated. Subsequently, the current study examined sleep changes during COVID19 using social media venues among adults in Jordan. A total of 1846 participants were recruited in the study, of which >92% reported a variety of confinement procedures such as self-quarantine, physical distancing, banning of public events, school closure, and lockdown. Additionally, the majority of the participants (53.1%-59.4%) reported an increase in most of the sleep parameters except a decrease (49.1% of the participants) in daytime sleep. Age and obesity seemed to contribute to the changes in sleeping hours while age contributed to sleep disturbance. Moreover, change in daytime sleeping was related to age, gender, and job type while the change in nighttime sleeping hours was associated with age, obesity, and job type. In conclusion, multiple factors, namely, age, gender, income, and job type, seemed to play a role in sleep quality during COVID19-induced confinement. The majority of the participants experienced an increase in sleep disturbance, nighttime sleeping, sleeping hours as well as a reduction in daytime sleeping. Thus, intervention programs and strategies are warranted to further improve sleep among adults during the current and future disease-induced confinement.