Alginate-mediated synthesis of hetero-shaped silver nanoparticles and their hydrogen peroxide sensing ability
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Silver nanoparticles have been the focus of extensive research for many decades due to their unique physical, chemical and electrical properties. Introducing new environmentally benign methods for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles is of great interest in the research community. In this work we propose a new method for the simple synthesis of stable heterostructured biopolymer (sodium alginate)-capped silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) based on green chemistry.The as-prepared nanoparticles were characterized using the ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. The results showed that the as-prepared Ag-NPs have a heterostructured morphology with particle size in the range 30 ± 18 – 60 ± 25 nm, showing a zeta potential of -62 mV. The silver nanoparticle formation was confirmed from UV-Vis spectra showing 424 nm as maximum absorption. The particle size and crystallinity of the as- synthesized nanoparticles were analyzed using TEM and XRD measurements respectively. FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of alginate as capping agent to stabilize the nanoparticles. The Ag-NPs also showed excellent sensing capability, with a linear response to hydrogen peroxide spanning a wide range of concentrations from 10-1 – 10-7 M, which indicates their high potential for water treatment applications, such as pollution detection and nanofiltration composites.
- Theme 1: Energy, Environment & Resource Sustainability [108 items ]