Effects of current, electrodes spacing and operational time on the removal of heavy metals from primary treated municipal wastewater using dielectrophoresis.
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Electrocoagulation (EC) is an emerging technology that has been used to treat heavy metals from different kinds of wastewater. This paper discusses the effects of inducing Dielectrophoretic (DEP) force in EC system for the treatment of heavy metals from primary treated municipal wastewater. In order to achieve the optimum run of DEP, COMSOL software was used to identify the highest force that can be obtained by changing electrodes spacing and applied current. As per the results obtained from experiments and numerical methods, the optimum run was at operational time of 30 min, electrodes spacing of 0.5 cm and applied current of 600 mA (17.14 mA/cm2 current density). In both process aluminium electrodes were used and they were connected to alternative current (AC) power supply. The efficiency of AC-DEP was found to be better than AC-EC. The removal efficiencies of Fe and Mn using AC-DEP were 80.6% and 29.7% respectively, while AC-EC removed 78.23% of Fe and 28.8% of Mn. Moreover, the increase in the aluminium content using AC-DEP and AC-EC was 810.3% and 1330.8% respectively. Furthermore, the energy consumption of AC-DEP was 4.9 kWh/m3 while AC-EC consumed 5kWh/m3.
- Theme 1: Energy, Environment & Resource Sustainability [108 items ]