The Problem of Marginal People and Its Governance in GCC Countries
The emergence of marginal people is the result of globalization. The process of globalization makes population flow an irresistible trend, and the relatively developed countries have a strong attraction to the population of other countries. However, in many cases, the narrow nationalism that they show often makes the local mainstream society lack enough tolerance, which is easy to give birth to the emergence of various marginalized groups. As far as GCC countries are concerned, in their unique historical and economic development process, they have formed different types of marginal groups, such as expat workers, especially female workers, and stateless persons. Differentiation of economic treatment, solidification of social stratum and exclusion of mainstream cultural context lead to social situations that create marginal people and further cause problems of identity, social stability, employment competition, economic "blood loss" and even diplomatic conflict. GCC countries have been taking governance measurements such as cutting numbers of marginal people and replacing them through localization policies and improvement of their working environment, but the governance needs the inclusion of government, society and the public to tackle the problems of marginal people scientifically and humanly to achieve real improvement and healthy development in a pluralistic society.