A Review of Cardiac Rehabilitation Delivery Around the World
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Herein, 28 publications describing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) delivery in 50 of the 113 countries globally suspected to deliver it are reviewed, to characterize the nature of services. Government funding was the main source of CR reimbursement in most countries (73%), with private and patient funding in about ¼ of cases. Myocardial infarction patients and those having revascularization were commonly served. The main professions delivering CR were physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists. Programs offered a median of 20 sessions, although this varied. Most programs offered the core components of exercise training, patient education and nutrition counselling. Alternative models were not commonly offered. Lack of human and/or financial resources as well as space constraints were reported as the major barriers to delivery. Overall, CR delivery has been characterized in less than half of the countries where it is offered. The nature of services delivered is fairly consistent with major CR guidelines and statements.
- Public Health [199 items ]