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AuthorAl Kuwari, Hanan M.
AuthorAbdul Rahim, Hanan F.
AuthorAbu-Raddad, Laith J.
AuthorAbou-Samra, Abdul Badi
AuthorAl Kanaani, Zaina
AuthorAl Khal, Abdullatif
AuthorAl Kuwari, Einas
AuthorAl Marri, Salih
AuthorAl Masalmani, Muna
AuthorAl Romaihi, Hamad E.
AuthorAl Thani, Mohamed H.
AuthorCoyle, Peter V.
AuthorLatif, Ali N.
AuthorOwen, Robert
AuthorBertollini, Roberto
AuthorButt, Adeel Ajwad
Available date2021-01-05T08:47:04Z
Publication Date2020-10-07
Publication NameBMJ Open
Identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040428
CitationAl Kuwari HM, Abdul Rahim HF, Abu-Raddad LJ, et alEpidemiological investigation of the first 5685 cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Qatar, 28 February–18 April 2020BMJ Open 2020;10:e040428. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040428
URIhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85092555336&origin=inward
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/17282
Abstract© Authors 2020 Objective To define the epidemiological curve of COVID-19 in Qatar and determine factors associated with severe or critical illness. Design Case series of first 5685 COVID-19 cases in Qatar. Setting and participants All confirmed COVID-19 cases in the State of Qatar between 28 February and 18 April 2020. Main outcome measures Number of total and daily new COVID-19 infections; demographic characteristics and comorbidity burden and severity of infection; factors associated with severe or critical illness. Results Between 28 February and 18 April 2020, 5685 cases of COVID-19 were identified. Median age was 34 (IQR 28-43) years, 88.9% were male and 8.7% were Qatari nationals. Overall, 83.6% had no concomitant comorbidity, and 3.0% had three or more comorbidities. The overwhelming majority (90.9%) were asymptomatic or with minimal symptoms, with 2.0% having severe or critical illness. Seven deaths were observed during the time interval studied. Presence of hypertension or diabetes was associated with a higher risk of severe or critical illness, but age was not. The epidemiological curve indicated two distinct patterns of infection, a larger cluster among expatriate craft and manual workers and a smaller one among Qatari nationals returning from abroad during the epidemic. Conclusion COVID-19 infections in Qatar started in two distinct clusters, but then became more widespread in the population through community transmission. Infections were mostly asymptomatic or with minimal symptoms and associated with very low mortality. Severe/critical illness was associated with presence of hypertension or diabetes but not with increasing age.
Languageen
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group
Subjectepidemiology
Subjectpublic health
Subjectpublic health
TitleEpidemiological investigation of the first 5685 cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Qatar, 28 February-18 April 2020
TypeArticle
Issue Number10
Volume Number10
ESSN2044-6055


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