Proton Pump Inhibitors and the Risk of Early Aseptic Loosening in Hip and Knee Arthroplasty
Bravo, María Jose
Garcia de Quevedo, David
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been associated with a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures and non-unions rates. However, the relation between the use of PPIs and the development of aseptic loosening in arthroplasty procedures has not been studied. The objective of this study is to analyze the relation between the use of PPIs, and the risk of early aseptic loosening in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). Materials and methods: A nested case-control study was conducted on patients who were subjected THA or TKA in our center between 2010 and 2014. Cases were patients subjected to revision surgery due to early aseptic loosening during the study period. Cases were matched with controls who did not require any type of revision surgery by type of joint replacement (THA/TKA), gender, age (+/− 2 years), and follow-up time (±6 months). Odds Ratios were adjusted to potential confounders. Results: The crude and adjusted ORs (95% CI) of undergoing revision surgery for aseptic loosening following primary total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty, were 6.25 (2.04–19.23) and 6.10 (1.71–21.73), respectively, for any use PPIs compared with non-users. Crude and adjusted ORs, were 11.6 (2.93–45.88) and 17.1 (2.41–121.66), respectively, for patients with a Proportion of Days Covered (PDC) for PPIs <.5 (Table 2). In addition, the crude and adjusted ORs of undergoing revision surgery, were 5.05 (1.59–16.02) and 5.01 (1.36–18.44), respectively, for patients with a PDC for PPIs ≥.5. Discussion: These results suggest that PPIs should be used with caution in patients with TKA and THA, and that the use of these drugs should not be prolonged unless there was a justifiable indication. Conclusions: The use of PPIs and was associated with a higher risk of early aseptic loosening in patients subjected to THA and TKA.
- Dental Medicine Research [97 items ]