Needle-free injection: Dental infiltration anesthesia
Der Khatchadourian, Zovinar
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This study aimed to develop an optimal Needle-Free Liquid Jet Injection (NFLJI) technique for dental infiltration anesthesia and evaluate its clinical safety and feasibility. The fluid dynamics of NFLJI in the dentoalveolar region were investigated using soft tissue phantoms supported by rigid glass. NFLJIs were performed at different incident angles and recorded using a high-speed camera. Accordingly, an optimal NFLJI for infiltration anesthesia was developed and validated on cadavers, then assessed in two pilot Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT): one for validating the safety of optimal NFLJI technique, the other for evaluating its feasibility and safety. High-speed videos showed that perpendicular NFLJIs induced significantly more regurgitation than oblique NFLJIs, which was confirmed in cadavers. Clinical trials revealed that perpendicular NFLJIs induced a high risk of bleeding (83.3%) and laceration (83.3%), whereas oblique NFLJIs induced a low risk of bleeding (33.3%) and laceration (16.7%). Moreover, the preliminary success rates of oblique NFLJIs and needle injections were both 83.3%. The recruitment took 3–5 weeks with a rate of 100%. Oblique NFLJIs could be a promising approach for dental infiltration anesthesia, causing minimal drug regurgitation with a relatively low risk of complication. The pilot RCTs confirmed the feasibility for conducting a non-inferiority RCT.
- Dental Medicine Research [228 items ]