|Alternative Abstract||The theme of this thesis is linguistic policies: a concept, a vision and empiricism, and a look at their relationship with the different types of linguistic planning in world developed countries’ experiences in the management of language affairs.The topic is directly related to the status of the Arabic language in
official and public facilities in the Arab countries, and how to manage the use of Arabic as a national language beside other languages in the country, be they the languages of national minorities, the languages of the former colonial power or international languages. Linguistic and methodological knowledge has been utilized when studying and analyzing this topic. Descriptive analytical approach is used in the theoretical framing of language policy and language planning science, and demonstrating their relationship with the fields of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge they emanate from. Such knowledge has also been used to monitor policies adopted in the developed world countries to view the linguistic scene in more than 390 countries or territories, and the associated linguistic planning. This is done by providing models of international cases by using the case study approach as a form of descriptive approach concerned with the study of the relationship between variables. This research is an attempt to answer some questions concerning the nature of the relationship between language policy and linguistic planning. One of the most important key findings concluded is that the natural relationship between language policy and language planning is concomitant and complementary, but this relationship in the Arab world seems to be troubled and does not adopt the required approach. At the political level, language policy patterns officially followed and declared in the Arab country vary between policy of containment, non-interference, upholding the official language, bilingualism and multilingualism strategy. All Arab countries virtually exercise non-interference policy. However, although all Arab constitutions stipulate that Arabic is the official language and are replete with a host of laws and regulations, institutions and organizations that will uphold and promote the Arabic language, the practice in various critical areas of the States lacks seriousness in the application of linguistic measures as a result of the looming economic, political, cultural and technological challenges.
In sum, the linguistic reality in the Arab world is witnessing an imbalance in the language policies that led to the absence or disorder of linguistic planning to say the least; and that is seen in the areas covered by the research, namely the educational, media and administrative fields.
Key words: Linguistic policy-Language Planning- Sociolinguistics- Applied Linguistics