Reaction kinetics of carbon dioxide in aqueous blends of N-methyldiethanolamine and glycine using the stopped flow technique
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Al-Marri, Mohammed Jaber
Nasser, Mustafa S.
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Carbon dioxide managements and its association with global worming remains a major concern among governments and the scientific community, with novel, energy efficient and more affordable technologies topping the research agendas. Despite the importance of amino acids, their use as reaction promoters in combination with alkanolamines has been overlooked by researchers. Here, stopped-flow technique was used for the first time to measure the pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics of CO2 with various aqueous mixtures of N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) and glycine (Gly). The experiments were performed at a temperature range from 293 to 313 K and a total amine concentration up to 2 mol/l. The activation energy for CO2-MDEA reaction obtained from this work was found to be 49.24 kJ/mol, and the overall rate constants (kov) increased with increasing temperature and with increasing proportion of Glycine in the solution mixture. Using the zwitterion mechanism to interpret the CO2-MDEA-Gly reaction, we found that the glycine reacts with CO2 (aq) with k2 (M-1 s-1) = 2.40 x 107 exp(-3887.5/T(K)) with an activation energy of 22.95 kJ/mol.
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