Enzyme-Based Mesoporous Nanomotors with Near-Infrared Optical Brakes
Ibrahim, Yasseen S.
Elzatahry, Ahmed A.
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As one of the most important parameters of the nanomotors’ motion, precise speed control of enzyme-based nanomotors is highly desirable in many bioapplications. However, owing to the stable physiological environment, it is still very difficult to in situ manipulate the motion of the enzyme-based nanomotors. Herein, inspired by the brakes on vehicles, the near-infrared (NIR) “optical brakes” are introduced in the glucose-driven enzyme-based mesoporous nanomotors to realize remote speed regulation for the first time. The novel nanomotors are rationally designed and fabricated based on the Janus mesoporous nanostructure, which consists of the SiO2@Au core@shell nanospheres and the enzymes-modified periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs). The nanomotor can be driven by the biofuel of glucose under the catalysis of enzymes (glucose oxidase/catalase) on the PMO domain. Meanwhile, the Au nanoshell at the SiO2@Au domain enables the generation of the local thermal gradient under the NIR light irradiation, driving the nanomotor by thermophoresis. Taking advantage of the unique Janus nanostructure, the directions of the driving force induced by enzyme catalysis and the thermophoretic force induced by NIR photothermal effect are opposite. Therefore, with the NIR optical speed regulators, the glucose-driven nanomotors can achieve remote speed manipulation from 3.46 to 6.49 μm/s (9.9-18.5 body-length/s) at the fixed glucose concentration, even after covering with a biological tissue. As a proof of concept, the cellar uptake of the such mesoporous nanomotors can be remotely regulated (57.5-109 μg/mg), which offers great potential for designing smart active drug delivery systems based on the mesoporous frameworks of this novel nanomotor.
- Materials Science & Technology [234 items ]