Hydrothermal Conversion of Food Waste to Carbonaceous Solid Fuel—A Review of Recent Developments
AuthorKhan, Moonis Ali
Hameed, Bassim H.
Siddiqui, Masoom Raza
Alothman, Zeid A.
Alsohaimi, Ibrahim H.
MetadataShow full item record
This review critically discussed recent developments in hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of food waste and its valorization to solid fuel. Food waste properties and fundamentals of the HTC reactor were also covered. The review further discussed the effect of temperature, contact time, pressure, water–biomass ratio, and heating rate on the HTC of food waste on the physiochemical properties of hydrochar. Literature review of the properties of the hydrochar produced from food waste in different studies shows that it possesses elemental, proximate, and energy properties that are comparable to sub-bituminous coal and may be used directly as fuel or co-combusted with coal. This work conclusively identified the existing research gaps and provided recommendation for future investigations.
- Chemical Engineering [966 items ]