|Citation||Kneffel, Zs., Al-Bader, H.K., Bou Hassine, R.R., Velenczei, A., Goebel, R. "The influence of eating behavior and sedentary lifestyle on blood pressure and body composition among young qatari female adults" 18th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science ECSS Barcelona 2013, 26. – 29. June 2013
|Abstract||Introduction: Obesity is emerging as a major health problem due to recent dietary
habits and sedentary lifestyles in Qatar. The prevalence of, overweight, and obesity was
over 23%, among adolescents girls in the country. On the other hand, the adult Qatari
population has a high prevalence of hypertension (32.1%)(1,2). The aim of the study was
mapping the early signs of hypertension and its connection to the dietary habits, to the
inactivity level, and to the body composition of young adult Qatari females.
Methods: 70 Qatari female students were involved from Qatar University, age between
18-29 yr. Blood pressure was measured by Omron HEM-780, body composition (body
weight (BW), % of body fat (BF), were measured by OMRON BF-400. The dietary habit
was evaluated by NHANES Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). To clarify the subjects
actual physical activity International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used.
For data analyzes Chi-square test and univariate analyses of variance were used use by
SPSS version 20.
Results: The systolic (BPS) and diastolic (BPD) blood pressure mean values were in the
normal range (BPS 114±1.44 mmHg and BPD 64±1.16 mmHg). Mean arterial pressure
(MAP) was 87.71±1.15 mmHg. Mean BF was 28.82±1.44 and 39.65% of the subjects was
overweight or obese. The crosstabs shown significant difference between the seafood
vs. fast food (FF) consumption, however no difference was shown between the
vegetables and pastas use. In the fluid uptake, soda and 100% fruit juice drinking did not
differ from each other. There were qualified by an interaction between FF consumption
and total weekly sitting hours (TWH) on BF, p = .16, ηp2=.164, where the main effects
was FF vs. TWH (p=.01, ηp2=.245 vs. p=.451, ηp2=.012), but these effects did not
qualified by an interaction on MAP (p=.256, ηp2=.055).
Conclusion: Qatar puts big effort to popularized the regular physical activity in the
society to prevent the appearance of non-communicable diseases (hypertension, type-II
diabetes) (3). Based on our data 37% of the measured subjects has some weight
problem which seems to be generated by their regular eating behavior and with less
weight the lack of regular physical activity. These factors didn’t shown any interaction
to the MAP values, probably because in this age group the different physiological
protective mechanisms control well the systolic and diastolic pressure.