The Gulf: A young sea in decline

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The Gulf: A young sea in decline

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dc.contributor.author Sheppard, Charles
dc.contributor.author Al-Husiani, Mohsen
dc.contributor.author Al-Jamali, F.
dc.contributor.author Al-Yamani, Faiza
dc.contributor.author Baldwin, Rob
dc.contributor.author Bishop, James
dc.contributor.author Benzoni, Francesca
dc.contributor.author Dutrieux, Eric
dc.contributor.author Dulvy, Nicholas K.
dc.contributor.author Durvasulah, Subba Rao V.
dc.contributor.author Jonesi, David A.
dc.contributor.author Loughland, Ron
dc.contributor.author Mediok, David
dc.contributor.author Nithyanandan, M.
dc.contributor.author Pilling, Graham M.
dc.contributor.author Polikarpov, Igor
dc.contributor.author Price, Andrew R.G.
dc.contributor.author Purkis, Sam
dc.contributor.author Riegl, Bernhard
dc.contributor.author Saburova, Maria
dc.contributor.author Namin, Kaveh Samimi
dc.contributor.author Taylor, Oliver
dc.contributor.author Wilson, Simon
dc.contributor.author Zainal, Khadija
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-24T07:35:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-24T07:35:19Z
dc.date.issued 2009-12-14
dc.identifier.uri uri:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.10.017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10576/10438
dc.description.abstract This review examines the substantial changes that have taken place in marine habitats and resources of the Gulf over the past decade. The habitats are especially interesting because of the naturally high levels of temperature and salinity stress they experience, which is important in a changing world climate. However, the extent of all natural habitats is changing and their condition deteriorating because of the rapid development of the region and, in some cases from severe, episodic warming episodes. Major impacts come from numerous industrial, infrastructure-based, and residential and tourism development activities, which together combine, synergistically in some cases, to cause the observed deterioration in most benthic habitats. Substantial sea bottom dredging for material and its deposition in shallow water to extend land or to form a basis for huge developments, directly removes large areas of shallow, productive habitat, though in some cases the most important effect is the accompanying sedimentation or changes to water flows and conditions. The large scale of the activities compared to the relatively shallow and small size of the water body is a particularly important issue. Important from the perspective of controlling damaging effects is the limited cross-border collaboration and even intra-country collaboration among government agencies and large projects. Along with the accumulative nature of impacts that occur, even where each project receives environmental assessment or attention, each is treated more or less alone, rarely in combination. However, their combination in such a small, biologically interacting sea exacerbates the overall deterioration. Very few similar areas exist which face such a high concentration of disturbance, and the prognosis for the Gulf continuing to provide abundant natural resources is poor. © 2009. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd. en_US
dc.subject Arabian Gulf en_US
dc.subject Pollution en_US
dc.subject Oil pollution en_US
dc.subject Gulf War en_US
dc.subject Development en_US
dc.subject Fisheries en_US
dc.subject Sedimentation en_US
dc.subject Temperature rise en_US
dc.subject Climate stresses en_US
dc.subject Sea grass en_US
dc.subject Mangroves en_US
dc.subject Coral reefs en_US
dc.subject Persian Gulf en_US
dc.subject Arabian Gulf en_US
dc.title The Gulf: A young sea in decline en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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