The Gulf: A young sea in decline

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Author Sheppard, Charles en_US
Author Al-Husiani, Mohsen en_US
Author Al-Jamali, F. en_US
Author Al-Yamani, Faiza en_US
Author Baldwin, Rob en_US
Author Bishop, James en_US
Author Benzoni, Francesca en_US
Author Dutrieux, Eric en_US
Author Dulvy, Nicholas K. en_US
Author Durvasulah, Subba Rao V. en_US
Author Jonesi, David A. en_US
Author Loughland, Ron en_US
Author Mediok, David en_US
Author Nithyanandan, M. en_US
Author Pilling, Graham M. en_US
Author Polikarpov, Igor en_US
Author Price, Andrew R.G. en_US
Author Purkis, Sam en_US
Author Riegl, Bernhard en_US
Author Saburova, Maria en_US
Author Namin, Kaveh Samimi en_US
Author Taylor, Oliver en_US
Author Wilson, Simon en_US
Author Zainal, Khadija en_US
Available date 2009-12-24T07:35:19Z en_US
Publication Date 2009-12-14 en_US
Publication Name Marine Pollution Bulletin
Citation Sheppard, C., et al. The Gulf: A young sea in decline. Mar. Pollut. Bull. (2009) en_US
Abstract This review examines the substantial changes that have taken place in marine habitats and resources of the Gulf over the past decade. The habitats are especially interesting because of the naturally high levels of temperature and salinity stress they experience, which is important in a changing world climate. However, the extent of all natural habitats is changing and their condition deteriorating because of the rapid development of the region and, in some cases from severe, episodic warming episodes. Major impacts come from numerous industrial, infrastructure-based, and residential and tourism development activities, which together combine, synergistically in some cases, to cause the observed deterioration in most benthic habitats. Substantial sea bottom dredging for material and its deposition in shallow water to extend land or to form a basis for huge developments, directly removes large areas of shallow, productive habitat, though in some cases the most important effect is the accompanying sedimentation or changes to water flows and conditions. The large scale of the activities compared to the relatively shallow and small size of the water body is a particularly important issue. Important from the perspective of controlling damaging effects is the limited cross-border collaboration and even intra-country collaboration among government agencies and large projects. Along with the accumulative nature of impacts that occur, even where each project receives environmental assessment or attention, each is treated more or less alone, rarely in combination. However, their combination in such a small, biologically interacting sea exacerbates the overall deterioration. Very few similar areas exist which face such a high concentration of disturbance, and the prognosis for the Gulf continuing to provide abundant natural resources is poor. © 2009. en_US
Language en en_US
Publisher Elsevier Ltd. en_US
Subject Arabian Gulf en_US
Subject Pollution en_US
Subject Oil pollution en_US
Subject Gulf War en_US
Subject Development en_US
Subject Fisheries en_US
Subject Sedimentation en_US
Subject Temperature rise en_US
Subject Climate stresses en_US
Subject Sea grass en_US
Subject Mangroves en_US
Subject Coral reefs en_US
Subject Persian Gulf en_US
Subject Arabian Gulf en_US
Title The Gulf: A young sea in decline en_US
Type Article en_US

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