A resolver converter based upon a novel open-Loop Technique
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The paper presents a novel technique for the determination of the angle from slowly-varying quadrature co-sinusoidal signals produced, for example, by position sensors. In the presented scheme applied to a resolver, the separately generated constant-frequency sine wave used for exciting the resolver together with an additional cosine wave are used as reference against which the amplitudes of the angle-dependent demodulated resolver sine and cosine signals are compared. At the instant equality between respective amplitudes of the signals are detected, two sample and hold circuits sample a voltage proportional to the angle of the shaft of the resolver from a triangular waveform generated from the reference signals. In theory, the sample and hold devices produce identical output voltages proportional to the unknown angle of the transducer. In order to improve the precision of the proposed converter, the two sample and hold circuits outputs are fed into a multiplexer to produce a single output that takes full advantage of the accurate comparison outside the peak regions of the signals. With this method, the validated output is obtained from the accurate comparisons involving the alternating pseudo-linear segments of the trigonometric signals. Another important feature of this converter is its robustness to amplitude fluctuations in the trigonometric reference signals which are used for the excitation of the resolver. A converter based on this technique has been successfully implemented using basic electronic components. Theory of operation, computer simulation and experimental results are given.
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