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Author Hamad, Ahmaden_US
Author Abdul-Karim, Mohammeden_US
Available date 2010-01-07T06:25:27Zen_US
Publication Date 2004-09-16en_US
Publication Name Desalination
Citation Ahmad Hamad, Mohammed Abdul-Karim, Desalination using ambient air: simulation and energy optimization, Desalination, Volume 175, Issue 3, 30 May 2005, Pages 247-257en_US
URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2004.09.028en_US
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10576/10611en_US
Abstract This work applies to process design, simulation, analysis, and optimization to minimize the energy requirements for producing desalinated water using ambient air (humidification and dehumidification process). The only operating cost is for the use of air blower to supply air flowrate of 65–70 kmol/h. The production rate is 1 gpm of desalinated water per 2.25 gpm of saline water. By using process simulation and applying energy optimization concepts, the process parameters were manipulated and analyzed so that the feed saline water to the column is used to cool the exit air stream. The proposed approach reduced the solar energy requirement by 65%, and the cooling energy is eliminated. A case study is pursued to show the effectiveness of using process simulation and energy optimization concepts.en_US
Language enen_US
Publisher Elsevier B.V.en_US
Subject Desalinationen_US
Subject Humidificationen_US
Subject Dehumidificationen_US
Subject Energy minimizationen_US
Title Desalination using ambient air: simulation and energy optimizationen_US
Type Articleen_US


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