Desalination using ambient air: simulation and energy optimization

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Desalination using ambient air: simulation and energy optimization

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dc.contributor.author Hamad, Ahmad
dc.contributor.author Abdul-Karim, Mohammed
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-07T06:25:27Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-07T06:25:27Z
dc.date.issued 2004-09-16
dc.identifier.citation Volume 175, Issue 3, 30 May 2005, Pages 247-257 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2004.09.028
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10576/10611
dc.description.abstract This work applies to process design, simulation, analysis, and optimization to minimize the energy requirements for producing desalinated water using ambient air (humidification and dehumidification process). The only operating cost is for the use of air blower to supply air flowrate of 65–70 kmol/h. The production rate is 1 gpm of desalinated water per 2.25 gpm of saline water. By using process simulation and applying energy optimization concepts, the process parameters were manipulated and analyzed so that the feed saline water to the column is used to cool the exit air stream. The proposed approach reduced the solar energy requirement by 65%, and the cooling energy is eliminated. A case study is pursued to show the effectiveness of using process simulation and energy optimization concepts. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Desalination en_US
dc.subject Humidification en_US
dc.subject Dehumidification en_US
dc.subject Energy minimization en_US
dc.title Desalination using ambient air: simulation and energy optimization en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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