Performance analysis of a cell-based call admission control scheme for QoS support in multimedia wireless networks
Next generation wireless communication systems, including 3G and 4G technologies, are envisaged to support more mobile users and a variety of high-bandwidth multimedia services. Different multimedia services have diverse bandwidth and quality of service (QoS) requirements from their users that need to be guaranteed by wireless cellular systems. Furthermore, these systems will use micro/pico cellular architecture to provide a higher capacity. As a result of the smaller coverage area of this architecture, handoff events will occur at a much higher rate compared with the present macrocellular systems. In this paper, a multiple-threshold bandwidth reservation scheme combined with a call admission control algorithm is proposed and analyzed. The objective of our work is to achieve better QoS provisioning for mobile users while achieving efficient utilization of the available limited bandwidth. The proposed scheme is modeled as M/M/C/C queueing system and the performance measures, call blocking probability (CBP), and call dropping probability (CDP) are computed. The performance of our scheme is compared with the Complete Sharing (CS) policy. Simulation results show that our scheme surpasses the CS policy in terms of CBP, CDP, and bandwidth utilization.
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