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Author Kamal, W. A.en_US
Available date 2009-11-25T13:05:43Zen_US
Publication Date 1994en_US
Publication Name Engineering Journal of Qatar University
Citation Engineering Journal of Qatar University, 1994, Vol. 7, Pages 173-200.en_US
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10576/7944en_US
Abstract The count down has started. Less than 400 days, that is all the time left till the complete phase-out of CFC production. No more refrigerants R-l 1, R-12 or R-500 will be produced worldwide. With our extreme dependence - in the Gulf area - on air conditioning and refrigeration, and with billions of Riyals invested in existing equipment (in particular central chillers, cold stores as well as domestic fridges, freezers and air conditioners), the question is: have we prepared ourselves for the disappearance of our most common refrigerants? This paper traces the story of CFCs, their effects on the environment, the protocol mandating their phasing-out and assesses their substitutes. It highlights the need of every responsible engineer to plan a refrigerant-strategy for his refrigeration and air conditioning equipment TODAY.en_US
Language enen_US
Publisher Qatar Universityen_US
Subject Engineering: Operations & Managementen_US
Title Refrigerants Beyond 1995 - An Overviewen_US
Type Articleen_US
Pagination 173-200en_US
Volume Number 7en_US


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