Sd. Thuwayni's Internal and External Policy: 1273 / 1856-1282 / 1866 (Analysis and Evaluation Study)
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The main aim of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the policy of Sd. Thuwayni to consolidate his power over the tribes of Oman and to find solutions for all his problems which emerged after his father's death. The paper discusses the affairs of Oman after the death of Sd. Sa'id b. Sultan in 1856, and sheds some light on the quarrels which faced Sd. Thuwayni with his brothers and others. The great difficult event which occurred in Sd. Thuwayni' s reign was the division of the empire of Oman into the two Sultanates Oman and Zanzibar by the arbitration of the British government in India in 1861. The paper is concluded with the role of foreign policies in Oman and how Sd. Thuwayni accepted them.