A Multicharger Cooperative Energy Provision Algorithm Based on Density Clustering in the Industrial Internet of Things
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Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are an important core of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). Wireless rechargeable sensor networks (WRSNs) are sensor networks that are charged by mobile chargers (MCs), and can achieve self-sufficiency. Therefore, the development of WRSNs has begun to attract widespread attention in recent years. Most of the existing energy replenishment algorithms for MCs use one or more MCs to serve the whole network in WRSNs. However, a single MC is not suitable for large-scale network environments, and multiple MCs make the network cost too high. Thus, this paper proposes a collaborative charging algorithm based on network density clustering (CCA-NDC) in WRSNs. This algorithm uses the mean-shift algorithm based on density to cluster, and then the mother wireless charger vehicle (MWCV) carries multiple sub wireless charger vehicles (SWCVs) to charge the nodes in each cluster by using a gradient descent optimization algorithm. The experimental results confirm that the proposed algorithm can effectively replenish the energy of the network and make the network more stable. - 2014 IEEE.
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