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AuthorEl Haj M.
AuthorAllain P.
AuthorMoustafa A.A.
Available date2020-04-16T06:56:47Z
Publication Date2019
Publication NameArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
ISSN18735843
URIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/arclin/acz010
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/14231
AbstractObjective: Theory of mind and destination memory are social abilities that require processing the attributes of interlocutors. Empirical research has demonstrated a relationship between performance on both abilities in normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We therefore investigated whether processing attributes of interlocutors would result in better destination memory in AD. Methods: Twenty-six mild AD participants and 28 controls were tested on two occasions. On the first one, participants had to tell proverbs to celebrities' faces. Following that, they decided whether they previously told that proverb to that celebrity or not. The same procedures were repeated on the second occasion; however, after telling the proverbs, participants had to introspect about what the celebrities might think about the proverbs (e.g., "what do you think that the celebrities would think about the proverbs?"). Results: Group comparisons showed a beneficial effect of introspection on destination memory in controls (Z =-2.57, p <. 05) but not in AD participants (Z =-1.05, p =. 29). However, analyzes of individual profiles demonstrated that 15 AD participants demonstrated better destination memory after introspection. Conclusions: Our findings show a beneficial effect of introspection on destination memory in normal aging, and at least in some mild AD cases. Future research should investigate the influence of social cognition on memory in AD and how introspection may provide a potential treatment for AD.
SponsorThe work was supported by the EU Interreg two Seas Programme 2014-2020 (co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund). Professor El Haj was also supported by the LABEX (excellence laboratory, program investment for the future) DISTALZ (Development of Innovative Strategies for a Transdisciplinary Approach to Alzheimer Disease).
Languageen
PublisherOxford University Press
SubjectAlzheimer's disease
SubjectDestination memory
SubjectEpisodic memory
SubjectIntrospection
SubjectSocial cognition
SubjectTheory of mind
TitleCognitive Theory of Mind Influences Destination Memory: Evidence from Normal Aging and Alzheimer's Disease
TypeArticle
Pagination1409-1417
Issue Number8
Volume Number34


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