Empirical evaluation of drivers’ start-up behavior at signalized intersection using driving simulator
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Start-up behavior at signalized intersection mainly depends on perception reaction time of drivers to the green phase. This study investigated the start-up behavior at signalized intersections by considering reaction time, acceleration and jerk (the rate of change of acceleration) of drivers in the state of Qatar. Distributions for reaction time, acceleration and jerk were plotted and the mean and 50th percentile values were presented. Three demographic factors (i.e., gender, ethnicity and age) were analyzed using two-tailed/unpaired t-tests. The relationships between acceleration and reaction time, and jerk and reaction time were investigated by linear regression analyses. Descriptive analysis showed that drivers had a mean reaction time of 2.91 s. Furthermore, Arab drivers had significantly lower reaction time than non-Arab drivers. Regarding the jerk maneuvers, young drivers (below 30 years) displayed significantly higher jerk than drivers of 30 years or above. Results from linear regressions showed significant negative correlations in both models (i.e., reaction time on acceleration, reaction time on jerk). As this study targeted multi-cultural drivers’ population, the results of reaction time and jerk distributions could be used as inputs in simulation models which are developed for evaluating driver behavior and safety at signalized intersections in regions with multi-cultural driving population.
- Traffic Safety [64 items ]