Securing Untrusted RF-EH Relay Networks Using Cooperative Jamming Signals
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We propose a new scheme to secure a wireless-powered untrusted cooperative-communication network, where a legitimate source node (Alice) transmits her information messages to a legitimate destination node (Bob) through the multiple amplify-and-forward untrusted relays. The relay nodes are assumed to be honest but curious nodes; hence, they are trusted at the service level but are untrusted at the information level. To reduce the energy consumption of the network, only one relay node is selected in each time slot to forward Alice's information signal. We assume a power-splitting-based energy-harvesting scheme, where each relay node splits its received signal into information and energy streams. Since the relay nodes are assumed to be untrusted at the information level, they attempt to decode the information intended to Bob while harvesting energy at the same time. When the relaying mode is selected, the scheme is realized over two non-overlapping time phases. To prevent any information leakage to the untrusted relay nodes, Bob and a cooperative jammer (John) inject jamming (artificial noise) signals during the first phase. During the second phase, the untrusted relay nodes that will not be forwarding the information signal must harvest energy to accumulate more energy to help Alice in future time slots. Moreover, the cooperative jammer will jam the untrusted relays to further power their batteries and prevent them from decoding the information-forwarding relay signal in case they decided to cheat and decode it. We model the battery state transitions at each relay as a finite-state Markov chain and analyze it. Our numerical results show the security gains of our proposed scheme relative to two benchmark schemes.
- Electrical Engineering [576 items ]