Use of Normalization Process Theory to explore key stakeholders’ perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospital settings
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BackgroundLimited data exist on the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic systems for medicines management in hospitals. Whilst numerous studies advocate system use in improved patient safety and efficiency within the health service, their rate of adoption in practice has been slow. ObjectiveTo explore the perceptions of key stakeholders towards the facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic prescribing systems, robotic pharmacy systems, and automated medication storage and retrieval systems in public hospital settings using Normalization Process Theory as a theoretical framework. MethodsIndividual face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted in three public hospitals in Ireland with 23 consenting participants: nine nurses; four pharmacists; two pharmacy technicians; six doctors; and two Information Technology managers. ResultsEnhanced patient safety and efficiency in healthcare delivery emerged as key facilitators to system implementation, as well as the need to have clinical champions and a multi-disciplinary implementation team to promote engagement and cognitive participation. Key barriers included inadequate training and organisational support, and the need for ease and confidence in system use to achieve collective action. ConclusionsMany themes that are potentially transferable to other national settings have been identified and extend the evidence base. This will assist organisations around the world to better plan for implementation of medication-related eHealth systems.
- Pharmacy Research [390 items ]