Throughput of a cooperative energy harvesting secondary user in cognitive radio networks
This paper investigates the maximum throughput of a rechargeable secondary user (SU) sharing the spectrum with a primary user (PU). The SU is assumed to be an energy harvesting node, which harvests energy packets from the environmental energy sources (e.g. solar, wind and acoustics) with a certain harvesting rate. The PU is equipped with a data buffer to store the randomly arrived data packets at its receiver. In addition to its own data buffer, the SU is equipped with another data buffer for storing the unsuccessfully decoded packets at the primary destination in a given time slot due to channel fading. Moreover, it has an energy buffer for storing the energy packets harvested from the environment. We propose a new cooperative cognitive relaying protocol that allows the SU to gain channel access when it relays a fraction of the undelivered primary packets. We consider an interference channel model [or a multipacket reception (MPR) channel model], where simultaneous transmissions can be decoded correctly at the corresponding destinations with certain decoding probabilities characterised by the complement of channel outages under interference. Our proposed protocol exploits the PU's data burstiness because of the random and sporadic packet arrival at its queue. Moreover, the proposed protocol takes advantage of the receivers' MPR capabilities. In addition, it efficiently expends the secondary energy packets under the objective of secondary throughput maximisation. Our numerical results show the benefits of cooperation, receivers' MPR capabilities and secondary energy queue arrival rate on the system's performance from a network layer standpoint.
- Electrical Engineering [869 items ]