Synthesis & Performance Evaluation of Hybrid Cathode Materials for Energy Storage
James Abraham, Jeffin
Al Qaradawi, Siham
Abdul Shakoor, Rana
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Research into the development of novel cathode materials for energy storage applications is progressing at a rapid rate to meet the ever-growing demands of modern society. Amongst various options, batteries are playing a vital role to replace conventional energy sources such as fossil fuels with green technologies. Among various battery technologies, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have been well explored and have succeeded in being adjusted with find many commercial applications. At the same time, as an alternative to LIBs, Sodium-Ion Batteries (SIBs) are also gaining popularity due to the presence of Sodium (Na) in abundance and its similar electrochemical characteristics with lithium (Li). However, SIBs are suffering from many challenges such as slow ionic movement, instability in different phases, and low energy density, etc. Many strategies in the literature have been proposed to address the aforementioned challenges of SIBs. Among them, the substitution of Na with Li to form hybrid cathode materials has turned out to be quite promising. The present work aims to investigate the effect of Na substitution with Li in a pyrophosphate framework. Towards this direction, Na(2-x) LixFeP2O7 (x=0,0.6) hybrid cathode materials were synthesized, and their structural, thermal, and electrochemical properties were studied. It is noticed that the incorporation of Li in the triclinic structure of Na2FeP2O7 has a significant effect on its thermal and electrochemical performance. This study can be considered as a baseline to develop some other pyrophosphate-based high-performance hybrid cathode materials.