Retail Chicken Carcasses as a Reservoir of Multidrug-Resistant .
AuthorAl-Hadidi, Sara H
Al Mana, Hassan
Almoghrabi, Salam Ziad
AlAli, Walid Q
Eltai, Nahla O
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is a major cause of foodborne disease outbreaks worldwide, mainly through poultry. Recently, there has been an increase in multidrug-resistant (MDR) infections globally. The increased drug resistance results in increased costs and poorer health outcomes due to unavailability or delayed treatment. This study aims to determine the prevalence of in retail raw chicken meat and identify their antimicrobial resistance profiles. A total of 270 retail raw chicken carcasses (local and imported) were collected from three hypermarket chains in Qatar between November 2017 and April 2018. Thirty carcasses were contaminated with (11.11%). The prevalence of in locally produced chicken was higher than in imported chicken (OR = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.18-5.53, = 0.016). No significant differences were found between the prevalence and storage temperature or hypermarket chain. The highest resistance rates in the isolates were reported to tetracycline (73.7%) followed by nitrofurantoin (53.3%), ampicillin (50%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, ceftriaxone (26.7%), and ciprofloxacin (23.3%). Eight isolates were potential extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producers, all in imported frozen chicken ( < 0.0001). Additionally, 43.3% of the isolates were MDR and associated with frozen chicken (OR = 16.88, 95% CI: 2.55-111.47, = 0.002). The findings indicate that while the prevalence of in retail chicken in Qatar is moderate, a large proportion of them are MDR.
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