Tailoring the deposition of MoSe2 on TiO2 nanorods arrays via radiofrequency magnetron sputtering for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting
AuthorAhmad, Yahia H.
Kamand, Fadi Z.
Al-Qaradawi, Siham Y.
MetadataShow full item record
MoSe2/1 D TiO2 nanorods (NRs) heterojunction assembly was systematically fabricated, and its photoelectrocatalytic properties were investigated. The fabrication process involves the growth of 1D TiO2 NRs arrays on FTO substrates using hydrothermal synthesis followed by the deposition of MoSe2 nanosheets on the TiO2 NRs using radiofrequency magnetron sputtering (RF magnetron sputtering). The photoelectrochemical properties of the heterojunction were explored and optimized as a function of the thickness of the MoSe2 layer, which was controlled by the sputtering time. The MoSe2 grows perpendicularly on TiO2 NRs in a 2D layered structure, maximizing the exposed active edges, an essential aspect that permits maximum exploitation of deposited MoSe2. Compared to pure TiO2 NRs, the heterojunction nanostructured assembly displayed excellent spectral and photoelectrochemical properties, including more surface oxygen vacancies, enhanced visible-light absorption, higher photocurrent response, and decreased charge transfer resistance. In particular, the sample synthesized by sputtering of MoSe2 for 90 s, i.e., MoSe2@TiO2-90 s, depicted the highest current density (1.86 mA cm−2 at 0.5 V vs. Ag/AgCl) compared to other samples. The excellent photoelectrochemical activity of the heterojunction stemmed from the synergy between tailored loading of MoSe2 nanosheets and the 1D structure of TiO2 NRs, which afford a high surface/volume ratio, effective charge separation, fast electron transfer, and easy accessibility to the MoSe2 active edges. These factors boost the catalytic activity.