A Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Approach for Selection of Wave Energy Converter Optimal Site
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Ocean wave energy is an essential source of renewable power for coastal communities. Choosing the optimal site for the wave energy converter (WEC) deployment depends on a number of criteria. The characteristics of the WEC must be taken into account in the prediction power supply, whereas the local sea state is connected to elements like wave condition (as a representation of construction budget) and energy output as well as the influence of the exploitable storage of wave energy and its trend. As a result, this research provides a multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) strategy for considering several factors simultaneously to choose the best possible site. The suggested MCDM technique incorporates two primary factors, i.e., exploitable storage of wave energy and energy production, into a single metric that takes into account both WEC efficiency of a particular type, WEPTOS, and sea state to aid decision-makers in the development of a pilot project. The method was then used to analyse the waves at two locations that had been identified as promising sites for harvesting wave energy along the coast of Oman. To further assess a site's potential upcoming pilot project and select the most efficient WEC, we compared the MCDM results at the stations with certain WEC types. In conclusion, optimal sites for placement of the WEPTOS WEC along the coast of Oman were identified considering the highest annual energy production and exploitable energy storage. Through solving the MCDM technique, 17 sites were pinpointed, and only 6 points were picked up.