The system will be going down for regular maintenance. Please save your work and logout.
Surfactant therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome in neonates: A systematic overview of systematic reviews and recent clinical trials
Aim: To conduct a systematic overview of systematic reviews (SRs) and randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on surfactant therapy in neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome. Methods: We searched EMBASE, PROQUEST and PubMed to summarize the different effects of surfactant lung lavage and bolus surfactant therapies in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome. Results: With a total of 1377 patients, three SRs and two RCTs were included in analysis. Surfactant effectiveness was concluded by low-quality SRs, with high risk of bias, which was contradicted by high-quality SRs, with low risk of bias. In SRs, the surfactant lung lavage reduced mortality, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and hospitalization, while the bolus surfactant did not. In recent high-quality RCTs, however, the two modalities did not significantly differ. Conclusion: The evidence on surfactant effectiveness and its method of administration is sparse and inconsistent.
- Pharmacy Research [1069 items ]