SELF-ORGANIZED VARIATIONAL AUTOENCODERS (SELF-VAE) FOR LEARNED IMAGE COMPRESSION
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In end-to-end optimized learned image compression, it is standard practice to use a convolutional variational autoencoder with generalized divisive normalization (GDN) to transform images into a latent space. Recently, Operational Neural Networks (ONNs) that learn the best non-linearity from a set of alternatives, and their "self-organized" variants, Self-ONNs, that approximate any non-linearity via Taylor series have been proposed to address the limitations of convolutional layers and a fixed nonlinear activation. In this paper, we propose to replace the convolutional and GDN layers in the variational autoencoder with self-organized operational layers, and propose a novel self-organized variational autoencoder (Self-VAE) architecture that benefits from stronger non-linearity. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed Self-VAE yields improvements in both rate-distortion performance and perceptual image quality.
- Electrical Engineering [2388 items ]