DESIGN OF REAL-TIME FUZZY LOGIC PSS BASED ON PMUs FOR DAMPING LOW FREQUENCY OSCILLATIONS
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Poorly damped low frequency oscillations is one of the main problems threatening safe and stable operation of the interconnected power systems and reducing the capability of transmission the power. The generator's excitation system has been supplemented with the Power System Stabilizer (PSS) in order to improve the damping of these low oscillations. In the latest smart power grids, the Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) become a fundamental element in the monitoring, protection and control applications as PMU signals are more accurate than the conventional measurement units and real time GPS stamped. In this study, Fuzzy Power System Stabilizer (FPSS) has been designed and its performance in damping inter-are oscillations compared with the conventional PSS (CPSS) based on the simulation with MATLAB/Simulink model. The results of the simulation with the Simulink model proved that the performance of the designed FPSS in damping inter-area oscillation is better than the CPSS. One of the main features of fuzzy controller is that it doesn't require mathematical modeling as it is designed based on the time-domain and the operator experience while, in contrast, the conventional PSS requires to be designed in the frequency domain. Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) has been used to develop the real-time models of the test systems. The time-domain simulations with the RTDS model when the system subjected to the large disturbance (three-phase to ground fault) have been performed to show that the designed FPSS improved the damping of the oscillations effectively. The simulation results have been verified by modal analysis.
- Electrical Engineering [10 items ]