Evaluation Of Soil And Water Resources In Wadi Wardan, Sinai, Egypt, Using Electrical Resistivity Method
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A number of 15 Vertical Electrical Soundings were carried out in the Delta of Wadi Wardan, on the western coastal zone of Sinai, about 55 km south of Suez. The study objectives were to find out the change in thickness of the soil cover in depth to water table across the area where ground is the only usable source of water for any agricultural project. The soil was found to vary in thickness from 0.5 to 2.2 m while the water table was found to lie at a depth of 6.5 to 10.5 m below the surface. Quantitative points out to the possibility that the shallow succession in the area is structurally controlled by a normal NE-SW fault affecting both the soil and the bearing formation in such a way that they become thick in the southern part of the area. The soil thickness map and depth to water table map prepared from this study can be of much help in planning water well drilling and land use programs. More emphasis, however, should be put on the southern part of the area as to its relatively higher soil and water potentials.