Gravitohydrodynamic Instability Of A Streaming Fluid Cylinder
MetadataShow full item record
The capillary-gravitodynamic instability of a self-gravitating fluid cylinder (radius R«) dispersed in a self-gravitating medium of negligible motion has been developed. General stability criteria are derived, upon utilizing the Lagrangian second order differential equations concerning the energy principle as the fluid is stationary. As the fluid is axially streaming we have used the macroscopic perturbation technique of small increments. The stability eigenvalue relations are discussed analytically and the results are confirmed numerically. Both the capillary and the self-gravitating forces are strongly destabilizing in the axisymmetric mode m = 0 as long as the perturbed wavelength X is longer than the circumference 2nRo of the fluid cylinder where m is the azimuthal wavenumber. The model is capillary-gravitodynamic stable in the domains (X < 2 it R,,, m = 0) of symmetric disturbance and (0 < X < oo, m * 0) of asymmetric disturbances. The streaming has strong destabilizing influence not only in the m = 0 mode but also in the modes m ^ 0. The self-gravitating and capillary forces have destabilizing influences on each other for some states in m = 0 but they have pure stabilizing influences on each other for all states in m * 0 modes. In m = 0 mode the instability of the model is very fast when the capillary and gravitational forces are acting all together and become more and more pronounced as the fluid is axially streaming. The latter, in addition, decreases the stable domains whether the disturbance is m = 0 or/and m * 0.