Ground- and excited-state properties of some 3,4-dihydro-1-(2-p-substituted benzylidene)naphthalenones: substituent and environmental effects
Electronic absorption and steady-state fluorescence emission of seven 3,4-dihydro-1-(2-p-substituted benzylidene)naphthalenones (1�7) show sizable solvent dependence. The charge-transfer (CT) absorption maxima of these compounds in various solvents show a red shift for the electron-donating substituted compounds (1�5), whereas a blue shift is observed for compounds possessing electron-withdrawing substituents (6, 7). Excitation into the lowest energy absorption gives emission from the locally excited state, which relaxes to the emitting intramolecular charge-transfer state for compounds with strong electron-donating substituents (1�3) in hydroxylic solvents. However, in moderately polar solvents, dual emissions are observed for these compounds. No CT emission is observed for the compounds with moderate electron-donating substituents (3 and 4) or those with electron-withdrawing substituents (6 and 7). Compound 1 with an �N(CH3)2 substituent shows an excited-state dipole moment of 17?D.
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