Learning Priniciples Essential for effective computer assisted instruction (cai)
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Guidelines and recommendations for effective computer assisted instruction are presented based on a review of the current theories and research relating to cognitive conceptions of learning and instructional design which are documented by meta-analytic techniques. The main focus is on how meta-cognitive processes are conceptualized and integrated for the most effective development of any interactive technology for learning. These concepts are then integrated into sequencing and synthesizing instructional strategies, with an emphasis on micro strategies of learning. Emphasis is placed on learner characteristics important for learning, so that any instructional program can be developed which will be most effective for specific students, learning with specific conditions, and for specific learning tasks. The most efficacious use of any interactive technology for learning will come about when the learners' knowledge, cognitive skills, conations, understanding, expectations, and motivations are taken into consideration.