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AuthorFatima, Yaqoot
AuthorCairns, Alice
AuthorSkinner, Isabelle
AuthorDoi, Suhail A R
AuthorMamun, Abdullah Al
Available date2019-01-01T08:47:14Z
Publication Date2018-10-01
Publication NameInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Healthen_US
CitationFatima Y, Cairns A, Skinner I, Doi SAR, Mamun AA. Prenatal and early life origins of adolescence sleep problems: evidence from a birth cohort. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2018 Oct 20. pii: /j/ijamh.ahead-of-print/ijamh-2018-0048/ijamh-2018-0048.xml. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2018-0048.
AbstractPurpose This study aims to identify the prenatal and early life predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Methods Sleep data (n = 5081) from the 14-year (13.92 ± 0.34 years) follow-up of a birth cohort were analyzed to explore the predictors of adolescence trouble sleeping, nightmares, snoring and sleep talking/walking. Data from the antenatal period till adolescence were explored for identifying predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Modified Poisson regression with a robust error variance was used to identify significant predictors. Results Our results suggest that about a quarter of adolescents in our study sample had sleep maintenance problems (nightmares: 27.88%, snoring: 23.20%, sleepwalking/talking 27.72%). The prevalence rate of sleep initiation problems was even higher (trouble sleeping: 40.61%). Our results suggest that antenatal and early-life factors, e.g. maternal smoking, anxiety, sleep problems in childhood, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, and poor health are significant predictors of adolescence sleep problems. Conclusions This study demonstrates the predictive role of prenatal and early life risk factors in adolescence sleep problems. It seems that exposure to prenatal and early life risk factors increase the vulnerability for sleep problems later in life, which is further supported by poor health and lifestyle choices in adolescence. Therefore, close observation and mitigation of factors associated with early life risk factors could be a potential strategy for preventing sleep problems later in life.
PublisherDe Gruyter
Subjectearly life factors
Subjectmaternal depression
Subjectparenting style
Subjectsleep problems
TitlePrenatal and early life origins of adolescence sleep problems: evidence from a birth cohort.

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