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AuthorAl-Banna N.A.
AuthorCyprian F.
AuthorAlbert M.J.
Available date2019-09-30T07:43:37Z
Publication Date2018
Publication NameCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
ISSN1359-6101
URIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cytogfr.2018.03.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/11964
AbstractCampylobacter jejuni is an important enteric pathogen that causes diarrheas of different degrees of severity and several extra-intestinal manifestations, including Guillain-Barre syndrome. The variability of disease outcomes is thought to be linked to the immune response induced by C. jejuni. The virulence factors of C. jejuni induce a pro-inflammatory response, that is initiated by the intestinal epithelial cells, propagated by innate immune cells and modulated by the cells of the adaptive immune response. This review focuses on cytokines, that are reported to orchestrate the induction and propagation of pro-inflammatory immune response, and also those that are involved in control and resolution of inflammation. We describe the functional roles of a number of cytokines in modulating anti-Campylobacter immune responses: 1. cytokines of innate immunity (TNF-? IL-6, and IL-8) as initiators of inflammatory response, 2. cytokines of antigen-presenting cells (IL-1? IL-12, and IL-23) as promoters of pro-inflammatory response, 3. cytokines produced by T cells (IFN-? IL-17, IL-22) as activators of T cells, and 4. anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) as inhibitors of pro-inflammatory responses. We highlight the roles of cytokines as potential therapeutic agents that are under investigation. In the end, we pose several questions that remain unanswered in our quest to understand Campylobacter immunity. 2018 Elsevier Ltd
LanguageEnglish
PublisherElsevier Ltd
dc.source Scopus
SubjectAcquired immunity
SubjectAnti-inflammatory cytokines
SubjectCampylobacter jejuni
SubjectInnate immunity
SubjectPro-inflammatory cytokines
SubjectVirulence factors
TitleCytokine responses in campylobacteriosis: Linking pathogenesis to immunity
TypeReview
Pagination75-87
Volume Number41


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