Adsorptive removal of mercury from water by adsorbents derived from date pits
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The current work presented here focuses on the remediation of mercury from water using modified low-cost materials. Modified date pits, low cost, minimal pretreatment steps and locally abundant agricultural waste materials were effectively employed as an adsorbent for remediating Hg2+ from aqueous media. Physical and chemical modification were developed such as thermal roasting (RDP), sulfur (SMRDP) and silane (SIMRDP) based modifications. Results showed that maximum adsorption by RDP was at pH 6, AC and both modifications was at pH 4. Furthermore, RDP has exothermic adsorption mechanism while AC, SMRDP, and SIMRDP have endothermic. All adsorbents except SIMRDP have spontaneous adsorption process. SEM analysis showed that the surface morphology of RDP was not significantly affected by different treatments while surface of AC was affected. The investigation for good adsorbents for Hg2+ uptake from different anthropogenic sources has been carried out by many investigators worldwide towards having a safe environment. In the current study, the highest Hg2+ adsorption of SMRDP was relatively high compared to other known adsorbents. - 2019, The Author(s).