Molecular dynamics simulations to decipher the structural and functional consequences of pathogenic missense mutations in the galactosylceramidase (GALC) protein causing Krabbe's disease.
AuthorThirumal Kumar, D
Udhaya Kumar, S
Jena, Prangya Paramita
George Priya Doss, C
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Krabbe disease (KD), also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy disease, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage genetic disorder, which is caused by the deficiecncy of galactocerebrosidase (GALC) coding gene (). This sudy aimed to use an extensive computational pipelines in understanding the missense mutations in GALC. We retrieved 176 mutations from the public databases and subjected them to pathogenicity, stability, and conservation analysis. The PredictSNP, iStable, and ConSurf prediction tools predicted 45, 95, and 47 mutations to be deleterious, destabilizing, and highly conserved, respectively. The R396L and R396W were the most deleterious and destabilizing to GALC, therefore were prioritized for further analysis. Systematic validation on the impact of the R396L and R396W mutations to the chaperone alpha lobeline was performed using the molecular docking approach. The docking analysis revealed that the mutant R396W interacted with minimal binding affinity compared with both the R396L mutant and native GALC. Further, the repetitive molecular dynamics simulation analysis showed that the mutant R396W demonstrated less compactness and reduced number of intramolecular hydrogen bonds compared with the mutant R396L and native GALC. Overall, we observed higher structural and functional modifications in R396W positioned in the substrate-binding site. This was highly supported by the MMPBSA and DSSP analysis of the GROMACS. DSSP that showed the transformation of turns to bends, indicating a loss of stability due to the R396W mutation. This study is expected to server as a platform for prioritizing mutant proteins that could be a platform for both drug and target therapeutics.
- Biomedical Sciences [241 items ]