Fabrication and investigation of the scratch and indentation behaviour of new generation Ni-P-nano-NiTi composite coating for oil and gas pipelines
MetadataShow full item record
Oil and gas pipelines operate under severe mechanical and chemical conditions, which could lead to catastrophic failure. Electroless nickel-phosphorous (Ni-P) coatings are an excellent candidate for protection against wear and corrosion for oil and gas pipelines. Ni-P coatings exhibit superior corrosion resistance over many commercially available coatings, as well as high hardness. However, electroless Ni-P coatings suffer from low toughness, which has limited its use in applications where high scratch and dent resistance is required. To enhance the toughness of the Ni-P coatings, nano-sized particles of superelastic NiTi alloy were incorporated within the coating. In the present work novel Ni-P-nano-NiTi composite coating has been successfully plated on API X100 pipe steel. Scratch tests under constant and increasing loads were performed to determine the effect of NiTi nano-particles on wear damages. Indentation tests were carried out to assess the dent resistance and crack modes of the coating. The addition of superelastic nano-particles into the Ni-P matrix led to toughening through transformation toughening, crack bridging, deflection, and microcracking. The composite coatings exhibited lower hardness in comparison to monolithic Ni-P coatings, but still provided considerable improvement upon the steel substrate. Optical and scanning electron examinations showed evidence of delamination, radial, and Hertzian cracking, as well as a reduction in crack length with the addition of superelastic NiTi.
- Center for Advanced Materials Research [343 items ]