Role of TiO2 and carbon nanotubes on polyethylene, and effect of accelerated weathering on photo oxidation and mechanical properties
In this work, LLDPE-based composite films were prepared by melt mixing followed by compression molding to investigate the role of titanium oxide nanoparticles (TONPs) and/or multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the accelerated weathering samples (maximum of 39 days). Accelerating weathering caused the emerging of oxidation peaks in the FT-IR spectra for LLDPE and LLDPE/TONPs. These peaks were not pronounced in the LLDPE/CNTs samples. The same prevention of oxidation peaks were noticed for the hybrid additives samples. Tensile properties decreased by exposing the composite samples to accelerating weathering. TONPs increased the tensile strength of the samples by 11.5% but deterioration of this property is the same as the pristine sample after accelerated weathering for 39 days. Addition of CNTs had negligible effect on the tensile strength but it kept the same approximate value of the original before the accelerated weathering (e.g., 23.2 MPa for 1 wt% of CNTs). CNTs also protected the samples even with the presence of TONPs because of the absorbance and antioxidants effects. The addition of CNTs into LLDPE network have not only retarded decomposition of LLDPE but also decreased catalytic activity of TONPs to activate degradation due to accelerated weathering. J. VINYL ADDIT. TECHNOL., 25:19-25, 2019.