Novel Comprehensive Bioinformatics Approaches to Determine the Molecular Genetic Susceptibility Profile of Moderate and Severe Asthma.
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Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition linked to hyperresponsiveness in the airways. There is currently no cure available for asthma, and therapy choices are limited. Asthma is the result of the interplay between genes and the environment. The exact molecular genetic mechanism of asthma remains elusive. The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive, detailed molecular etiology profile for the molecular factors that regulate the severity of asthma and pathogenicity using integrative bioinformatics tools. The GSE43696 omnibus gene expression dataset, which contains 50 moderate cases, 38 severe cases, and 20 healthy controls, was used to investigate differentially expressed genes (DEGs), susceptible chromosomal loci, gene networks, pathways, gene ontologies, and protein-protein interactions (PPIs) using an intensive bioinformatics pipeline. The PPI network analysis yielded DEGs that contribute to interactions that differ from moderate-to-severe asthma. The combined interaction scores resulted in higher interactions for the genes and for moderate asthma and and for severe asthma. Enrichment analysis (EA) demonstrated differential enrichment between moderate and severe asthma phenotypes; the ion transport regulation pathway was significantly enhanced in severe asthma phenotypes compared to that in moderate asthma phenotypes and involved , and The most enriched common pathway in both moderate and severe asthma is the development of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling pathway followed by glucocorticoid-mediated inhibition of proinflammatory and proconstrictory signaling in the airway of smooth muscle cell pathways. Gene sets were shared between severe and moderate asthma at 16 chromosome locations, including 17p13.1, 16p11.2, 17q21.31, 1p36, and 19q13.2, while 60 and 48 chromosomal locations were unique for both moderate and severe asthma, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis for DEGs showed that several genes have been intersected in phases of asthma in the same cluster of genes. This could indicate that several asthma-associated genes have a common ancestor and could be linked to the same biological function or gene family, implying the importance of these genes in the pathogenesis of asthma. New genetic risk factors for the development of moderate-to-severe asthma were identified in this study, and these could provide a better understanding of the molecular pathology of asthma and might provide a platform for the treatment of asthma.
- Biomedical Sciences [268 items ]