Isolation and characterization of a newly naphthalene degrading Halomonas pacifica, strain Cnaph3: biodegradation and biosurfactant production studies
Marques, Ana Maria
MetadataShow full item record
A newly marine Halomonas pacifica strain Cnaph3 was isolated, as a naphthalene degrader and biosurfactant producer, from contaminated seawater collected in Ataya's fishing harbor, located in Kerkennah Islands, Tunisia. Chromatography flame ionization detector analysis revealed that 98.8% of naphthalene (200 mg/L) was degraded after 7 days of incubation, at 30 g/L NaCl and 37 C. Strain Cnaph3 showed also a noticeable capacity to grow on a wide range of aliphatic, aromatic, and complex hydrocarbons. Interestingly, strain Cnaph3 showed a significant potential to produce biosurfactants in the presence of all tested substrates, particularly on glycerol (1%, v/v). Electrospray ionization analysis of the biosurfactant, designated Bios-Cnaph3, suggested a lipopeptide composition. The critical micelle concentration of Bios-Cnaph3 was about 500 mg/L. At this concentration, the surface tension of the water was reduced to 27.6 mN/m. Furthermore, Bios-Cnaph3 displayed interesting stabilities over a wide range of temperatures (4-105 C), salinities (0-100 g/L NaCl), and pH (2.2-12.5). In addition, it showed promising capacities to remove used motor oil from contaminated soils. The biodegradation and biosurfactant-production potential of the Halomonas sp. strain Cnaph3 would present this strain as a favorite agent for bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites under saline conditions.
- Center for Sustainable Development Research [99 items ]